These days, people increasingly hear the word cancer,’ but people do not know what cancer means, its causes, and how to go about it.

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Q. Is cancer a widespread disease in India?

Ans. Yes, it is a widespread disease in India. Also, it is increasingly affecting a large number of people across India. This is mainly as infectious diseases are not killing us and aging population is increasing.

Q. Which cancers are prevalent in India?

Ans. Breast cancer, Oral cancer, lung cancer and cervical cancer are most prevalent in India.Also stomach, rectum, esophagus, endometrium, ovarian cancer and thyroid cancers are close behind.

Q. How is it possible to reduce the risk of getting cancer?

Ans. It is entirely in the hands of the individual to reduce the risk of getting cancer.

The individual should choose to stay away from tobacco, alcohol, direct exposure to ultra-violet rays of the sun, avoid process foods and switch to an active and normal lifestyle. Some viruses also cause cancer, such as Hepatitis B, HPV, and EBV. Some of these can be avoided by immunization. Also, exposure to asbestos, arsenic, pitch, and tar can cause cancer. Though precautions can reduce the risk of cancer, it cannot eliminate it.

Q. Can germs or injury cause cancer?

Ans. Yes, but,there are a minuscule less than 2% of viruses that cause cancer. Most of them don’t. Chronic injury is a cause of cancer. We see this especially in oral cancer (tongue cancer) which can be caused by sharp tooth.

Q. How can food cause cancer?

Ans. Consumption of high fat and animal fat diet can lead to colon and breast cancer, respectively. Consuming preserved food, smoked food, and junk food frequently is yet another reason for getting cancer.

A Vegetarian diet with lots of green leafy vegetables and fresh fruits can keep the individual healthy and cancer-free. Evidence has shown that cabbage, ginger, tomato, turmeric, and moringa, to name a few, are rich in minerals and anti-oxidants that make cancer stay away.

Q. Do irregular eating habits or eating spicy food lead to cancer?

Ans. As per medical research, irregular food habits do not cause cancer. But eating hot food may lead to cancer of the food pipe (esophagus). However, unhygienic food may cause stomach cancer.

Q. Does alcohol consumption cause cancer?

Ans. Yes, alcohol does cause cancer, especially of the liver, food pipe, and laryngopharynx.

Q. Do genes cause cancer?

Ans. Yes, certain genes cause cancer. It is essential that parents with a history of cancer in their earlier generation should be alert and recognize cancer symptoms. Today there are tests available to assess the genetic test. These are simple blood tests.

Q. Does physical contact between human beings or animals and human beings cause cancer?

Ans. No, there is no evidence that states that physical contact with human beings or animals leads to cancer. Cancer is not contagious.

Q. Do freckles or moles cause cancer?

Ans. Simple freckles or moles do not cause cancer. However, dark freckles or blue-black moles can cause cancer, and hence, it is advisable to get them checked at regular intervals.

Q. Does rectal bleeding cause cancer?

Ans. Rectal bleeding is most commonly due to bleeding piles or hemorrhoid condition, it is advisable to get a screening done. Rectal bleeding is a sign of cancer and should not be ignored.

Q. Do excessive use of cellphones or x-ray imaging lead to cancer?

Ans. Yes, increased use of x-ray imaging can increase the risk of cancer. There is ongoing research on the use of cell phones causing brain tumors and blood cancer. However, there is no proof of it so far.

Q. Is cancer curable?

Ans. Cancer is curable, but not always, and not all of them. The recovery rate of cancer depends upon the individual and how his or her body, and the stage at which treatment starts.

To conclude

Cancer has been striking human beings for decades now. The medical community is still researching on various aspects of it. Changes in the human cells cause cancer; there is ongoing research on how those changes happen, how it spread, etc.